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What are first generation, second generation, r53, r56 etc?

What's an R56? What's a facelift MINI? We attempt to fill in the blanks for the uninitiated.

People new to MINI2 and the MINI in general, often appear to be a little unsure over what changes and versions of MINI have been offered since it's 2001 introduction. Those familiar with the MINI often use phrases such as facelift, R56, second generation and so on, which can be a little bewildering for others.

This is a small, visual "spotters guide" to the main changes and updates for the MINI, including all major model updates. We have not included region specific options or limited editions to try and keep this guide as clear and concise as possible. We hope you find it useful.

The First Generation: MINI One, One D (Diesel), Cooper & Cooper S 2001 - 2006 (2007 some markets).

The first incarnation of the new MINI , which started production in 2001 included all major hatchback models. The One, One D (Diesel), Cooper and Cooper S. The One & Cooper began production and sale in some markets in 2001, ahead of the MINI Cooper S in 2002 and the One D, which was launched in 2003.

In July 2004 the first generation MINI had a "facelift" to coincide with the launch of the MINI Convertible. The new models had different (smooth) grill surrounds, new front and rear bumpers and headlights. Inside the face lifted MINI has a three piece rather than five piece dashboard, a new Getrag gearbox for the One and Cooper, and many other revisions. The Cooper S also jumped from 163 to 170 hp as standard.

The MINI Cooper, One and One D had the internal product code of R50 and will sometimes be described as such. The MINI Cooper S had the code R53 and the Convertible (confusingly, all models) is the R52. This is for all MINIs, both before and after the July 2004 facelift.

To add to the confusion, "model years" are often used to describe the updates and revised models and these usually change in September, but some changes and options became available "mid season" and thus the model year descriptions can be misleading. The "facelift" MINI in July 2004 is also considered the 2005 model year MINI.

The Second Generation: MINI Cooper & Cooper S 2006 - (2007 some markets).

At the time of writing the second generation MINI is just about to be launched in some major markets for late 2006, in others the car will be launching in the first quarter of 2007. The second generation MINI is a major overhaul of the car, every external body panel is new and the interior has been totally overhauled. The second generation MINI (AKA R56, the internal code for all hatchback variants) also features new engines made in the UK at BMW Plant Hams Hall.

Once again the "at a glance" changes are to the light clusters, new rear light clusters are wider with big chrome surrounds, the front indicators are now in the main cluster with the headlights and there is only one additional front light cluster for sidelights and optional fogs.

MINI Cooper 2001 - 2004: aka R50, Pre-Facelift
Note the large bumper inserts (can be body coloured) and textured grille surrounds. Other "pre facelift" external features are the different headlights (interior/bulb layout, dimensions unchanged) and rear light clusters with reverse light in the bumper. The MINI Coopers shown are both Chili Red.

MINI Cooper 2001 to 2004

MINI Cooper 2001 to 2004

MINI Cooper July 2004 - 2006 (2007 some markets): aka R50, Facelift, '05.
The facelift in July 2004 included new light and bumper designs, as well as a smoother grille with less slats (similar to previous Cooper S and One D grille slats).

MINI Cooper Facelift

MINI Cooper Facelift

MINI One 2001 - 2004: aka R50, Pre-Facelift
The MINI One is very much the same as the Cooper, although it came with a matt black grille finish as standard instead of chrome on the Cooper. This MINI One is in Indi Blue.

MINI One 2001 to 2004

MINI One 2001 to 2004

First Generation MINI One July 2004 - 2006 (2007 some markets): aka R50, Facelift, '05
Shown here in Black Eye Purple (AKA Purple Haze)

MINI One 2004

MINI One 2004

MINI Cooper S 2002 - 2004: aka R53, Pre-Facelift
The MINI Cooper S didn't change as dramatically as the One and Cooper with the July 2004 update, as these pictures will illustrate. Note the grille surround and lights as the main exterior changes. The Cooper S here is Electric Blue with standard body coloured grille slats.

MINI Cooper S 2002 - 2004

MINI Cooper S 2002 - 2004

MINI Cooper S 2004 - 2006 (2007 some markets): aka R53, Facelift, 05
The MINI Cooper S received a small power boost and revised gear ratios, along with cosmetic changes in July 2004. The model shown here is in Hyper Blue.

MINI Cooper S 2004

MINI Cooper S 2004

MINI One D 2003 - 2004: aka R50, Diesel
The MINI One D was the final hatchback in the range for the first generation MINI. Introduced in 2003 to several markets it featured a 75 bhp engine sourced from Toyota, mated to a six speed Getrag gearbox. The One D below is in Liquid Yellow.

MINI One D 2003-2004

MINI One D 2003-2004

MINI One D 2004 - 2006: aka R50, Diesel
The MINI One D, like the S, had only minor changes with the facelift in July 2004. In September 2005 the MINI One D received a spec change which increased the horsepower of the engine from 75 to 88. The MINI One D retained the larger chrome bumpers through it's life cycle, and had "Cooper S" style side skirts as standard. This "facelift" One D is in Chili Red.

MINI One D 2004-2006

MINI One D 2004-2006

 

MINI Convertible (One, Cooper & S) 2004 - : aka R52, Cabrio
The MINI Convertible was not offered as a Diesel, but all other models were covered, as it was introduced in 2004 the Convertible has all the "facelift" features. The biggest giveaway you're looking at a Convertible must really be the large fabric roof. The Convertible will not be updated in 2006/7 with the hatchback MINIs, the second generation Convertible MINI is due at a later date. The Cooper is "Hot Orange", the S is "Cool Blue", both exclusive to the soft top MINI.

MINI Convertible

MINI Cooper S 2004

MINI Cooper S 2004

MINI Cooper S 2004

The Aerodynamic Package (AKA Aero Pack, Aero Kit).
To confuse matters a little more, MINI offered an Aero Kit on the MINI (all variants) for the first generation, the full kit included a honeycomb black grille, different front and rear bumpers and side skirts, as well as an aero spoiler. You could buy separate components of the kit. This kit looks much the same for pre and post facelift MINIs, as shown below on the Pure Silver (pre facelift) and Chili Red (facelift) MINI. Although often promoted together, the Aerodynamic Package is not related to the various "Works" tuning options. The black inserts on the Red car around the fog light area were optional stick on items and do not indicate a "facelift" MINI.

MINI with Aerodynamic Package

MINI with Aerodynamic Package

The Interior Changes.
The July 2004 facelift changed the interior of the car, the door cards/handles/arm rests became more curved (away from the door), the dash became a three part dash with the airbag moved above into the soft plastic area, and other changes also took place. Most of which you can see below in the two examples, pre facelift first. The Sat Nav shown in the second photo was an option from the start, which moves the speedo above the steering wheel alongside the rev counter.

MINI Interior

MINI Interior

The MINI Cooper S with John Cooper Works GP Tuning Kit. Limited edition of 2000 cars, 2006.
The "MINI GP" as it's also known was a unique model at the end of first generation production. The car was basically the same in all countries it was offered, and although a unique, power boosted, two seater special edition (finished at Bertone in Italy) the car is still an "R53" MINI, the same as all other first generation MINIs. The GP came in one colour, Thunder Blue.

MINI GP

MINI GP

MINI GP

MINI GP

MINI Cooper 2006 (2007 some markets) - aka R56, Second Generation
The updates to the second generation are too much for us even brush the surface of in this brief visual guide, but the pictures should illustrate the "at a glance" difference for the more casual MINI spotters out there.
As with the facelift before it, the 2nd generation is most obviously spotted from it's bumpers and lights. The Cooper shown is in Chili Red.

Second Generation MINI Cooper

Second Generation MINI Cooper

Second Generation MINI Cooper

MINI Cooper S 2006 (2007 some markets) - aka R56, Second Generation
The same can be said of the second generation S as the Cooper. At the time of writing there are no official images of the R56 One or Diesel. The Diesel will be slightly different again in style to the petrol models.
The S shown is in Laser Blue.

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

MINI Cooper & S 2006 (2007 some markets) - aka R56, Second Generation
This is a shot of the interior of the second generation MINI.

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

The Aerodynamic Package (AKA Aero Pack, Aero Kit).
For the second generation MINI, the Aero Kit and many other tuning and style related items were promoted under the John Cooper Works banner. The following pictures show a car fully kitted with various John Cooper Works options, including the front and rear bumpers, side aprons and grille that form the new Aerodynamic Package.

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

 

Second Generation MINI Cooper S

In summary:

We hope you've found this brief guide a useful overview of the evolution of the new MINI from 2001 to 2006. We could have gone into greater detail, however we didn't want to overwhelm the novice MINI enthusiast. If you'd like further details on the various model year changes and product codes then please check out our news, forums and FAQ sections, as well as the MINI2 Galleries for more images of all models and variants.

A more complete chronology of changes to the first generation MINI for the USA market can be found in our forums: Chronology of 1st Generation MINI Changes


What do ABS, ASC, CBC, DSC and EBD mean?

The MINI has disc brakes all round, ventilated at the front. The front disc brakes measure 276x22mm, while those at the rear are 259x10mm. The braking system, with a diagonal dual-circuit arrangement, includes four-sensor ABS plus EBD and CBC as standard.

ABS or Anti-lock Braking System helps you maintain control and direction of the vehicle during an extreme braking maneuver.

EBD or Electronic Brakeforce Distribution controls the distribution of the hydraulic braking force between the front and rear wheels, ensuring the optimum braking power distribution between axles at all times and under different load conditions. If the car's rear axle is under heavy loading, a higher braking force than normal can be safely applied to the rear wheels, greatly improving the vehicle's braking abilities. The EBD mechanism is automatically activated under average braking pressure, long before the ABS would be required.

CBC or Cornering Brake Control tempers the natural tendency for a car to become unstable at the rear if the brakes are applied heavily while cornering. The system recognizes that the car is cornering and feeds more braking force to the outside front wheel and counteracts potential oversteer. This also means that more braking force can be fed to the rear brakes and the car is slowed down as fast as possible with maximum stability.

Two systems which provide stability and traction control are also offered for the MINI. Either of these systems, if fitted, can be deactivated by a toggle switch.

ASC+T or Automatic Stability Control plus Traction effectively prevents front wheel spin and guarantees stability. This smart electronic system uses the ABS sensors to detect any wheel slippage. When the system does so it automatically cuts power to the spinning wheel until it grips again.

It also works under deceleration on a slippery surface, if a wheel approaches lock-up due to engine braking. In this instance power is gently fed to that wheel to get it rolling again and so control is regained. A warning light comes on when the system is activated.

DSC or Dynamic Stability Control is an expansion of ABS and ASC+T. DSC monitors lateral and longitudinal forces on the car as well as throttle and steering inputs from the driver and any wheel slippage. Thus it determines the intended trajectory of the car and compares it to its actual course. If necessary, it can adjust the dynamic attitude of the car by applying braking forces to individual wheels and controlling throttle inputs.

If it detects oversteer, DSC applies the brake to the outer front wheel. If the driver is already braking, the computer increases the braking pressure on this wheel and reduces the pressure on the inside wheels. In the case of understeer, DSC applies braking force to the rear wheel on the inside of the bend. If the driver has already started braking, the braking pressure on the wheel on the inside of the curve is increased, whilst the pressure on the outer wheels is reduced.

Click the highlighted acronyms for more information.


- technical pages


Contact FAQ Custodian


How do I decode the VIN on a MINI?
The VIN on a MINI constists of 17 characters and numbers, broken down as follows:
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|1|1|1|1|1|1|1|1|
|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 W M W @ @ # # # # # T @ # # # # # 
 +---+ +-----+ + + + + +---------+
 |   | |     | | | | | |         |
 |   | |     | | | | | +---------+---> Production Sequence
 |   | |     | | | | +---------------> Assembly Plant (Oxford)
 |   | |     | | | +-----------------> Model Year
 |   | |     | | |                        # = 200#
 |   | |     | | +-------------------> Check Digit
 |   | |     | +---------------------> ?
 |   | +-----+-----------------------> Vehicle Code
 |   |                                    1st Generation
 |   |                                    --------------  
 |   |                                    RA31 = One (LHD)
 |   |                                    RA32 = One (RHD)
 |   |                                    RB11 = One Diesel (LHD)
 |   |                                    RB12 = One Diesel (RHD)
 |   |                                    RC31 = Cooper (LHD)
 |   |                                    RC32 = Cooper (RHD)
 |   |                                    RC33 = Cooper (USA)
 |   |                                    RD31 = One Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    RD32 = One Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    RE31 = Cooper S (LHD)
 |   |                                    RE32 = Cooper S (RHD)
 |   |                                    RE33 = Cooper S (USA)
 |   |                                    RE91 = Cooper S JCW GP (LHD)
 |   |                                    RE92 = Cooper S JCW GP (RHD)
 |   |                                    RE93 = Cooper S JCW GP (USA)
 |   |                                    RF31 = Cooper Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    RF32 = Cooper Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    RF33 = Cooper Convertible (USA)
 |   |                                    RH31 = Cooper S Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    RH32 = Cooper S Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    RH33 = Cooper S Convertible (USA)
 |   |
 |   |                                    2nd Generation
 |   |                                    --------------
 |   |                                    ME31 = One (LHD)
 |   |                                    ME32 = One (RHD)
 |   |                                    MF31 = Cooper (LHD)
 |   |                                    MF32 = Cooper (RHD)
 |   |                                    MF33 = Cooper (USA)
 |   |                                    MF71 = Cooper S (LHD)
 |   |                                    MF72 = Cooper S (RHD)
 |   |                                    MF73 = Cooper S (USA)
 |   |                                    MF91 = John Cooper Works (LHD)
 |   |                                    MF92 = John Cooper Works (RHD)
 |   |                                    MF93 = John Cooper Works (USA)
 |   |                                    MG31 = Cooper Diesel (LHD)
 |   |                                    MG32 = Cooper Diesel (RHD)
 |   |                                    MH31 = One Clubman (LHD)
 |   |                                    MH32 = One Clubman (RHD)
 |   |                                    ML31 = Cooper Clubman (LHD)
 |   |                                    ML32 = Cooper Clubman (RHD)
 |   |                                    ML33 = Cooper Clubman (USA)
 |   |                                    MM31 = Cooper S Clubman (LHD)
 |   |                                    MM32 = Cooper S Clubman (RHD)
 |   |                                    MM33 = Cooper S Clubman (USA)
 |   |                                    MM91 = John Cooper Works Clubman (LHD)
 |   |                                    MM92 = John Cooper Works Clubman (RHD)
 |   |                                    MM93 = John Cooper Works Clubman (USA)
 |   |                                    MN51 = Cooper Diesel Clubman (LHD)
 |   |                                    MN52 = Cooper Diesel Clubman (RHD)
 |   |                                    MR31 = Cooper Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    MR32 = Cooper Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    MR33 = Cooper Convertible (USA)
 |   |                                    MS31 = Cooper S Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    MS32 = Cooper S Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    MS33 = Cooper S Convertible (USA)
 |   |                                    MS91 = John Cooper Works Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    MS92 = John Cooper Works Convertible (RHD)
 |   |                                    MS93 = John Cooper Works Convertible (USA)
 |   |                                    ZR31 = Cooper Diesel Convertible (LHD)
 |   |                                    ZR32 = Cooper Diesel Convertible (RHD)
 +---+-------------------------------> Manufacturer Code (BMW / MINI)

Find information on a MINI using last 7 of VIN


Contact FAQ Custodian

How can I find out when my MINI was built?
Not everyone was able to track their MINI from order to delivery. Some avoided longs waits by buying their MINI off a lot. Others bought theirs used.

Knowing the build date of your MINI might become important in determining if it is prone to some particular "fault" or is subject to a recall.

The easiest way of finding out build date is by entering the last 7 of VIN (chassis number) on the BMW VIN Decoder:


Note: Data may not be available for recently built cars
Each MINI also has a build date "sticker", the location of which varies from country to country as depicted below.

Under the bonnet on the driver's side:
United Kingdom



On the driver's side door jam:
United States



Contact FAQ Custodian to:
  • add your country to the list for an existing sticker location
  • add a description and picture of a different sticker location

How do I arrange or attend a tour to see the MINI being built at BMW Group Plant Oxford?
Check your local events/social forum, or the UK social/events forum on MINI2 to see if there is a trip currently planned at a suitable time for you. If not....

You can make a booking by either emailing:
[email protected]
Or by writing to:
Plant Tours,
TO-K Communications,
BMW Group Plant Oxford,
Oxford,
OX4 6NL.
There will be no charge for the tour, but visitors are encouranged to make a donation to the charity supported by MINI, Whizz-Kidz.

For those attending a tour, the following PDFs, supplied by MINI, may be useful:

Map to the Plant
Health and Safety Guidelines


Contact FAQ Custodian

How do I get my MINI ready for winter driving?
MINIs do quite well in the snow provided you drive prudently with the right set of tires. Your best bet for winter driving is to switch to a set of genuine winter tires (not "All-Season," although those are certainly better than "Performance") on 15 inch wheels. Many MINI owners buy a second set of wheels specifically for winter tires. Since MINI owners in warmer climates often like to upgrade their stock 15 inch wheels, eBay usually has several new sets of 15 inch MINI wheels listed at reasonable prices. MINI dealers also have wheel sets available. Mounting and remounting tires, especially runflats, can be laborious, but swapping wheels takes much less effort. Here are the current 15 inch MINI wheel part numbers:

36 11 1 512 458 (Silver 15 inch R81 7-hole)
36 11 1 512 347 (Silver 15 inch R82 8-spoke)

Don't forget the wheel caps if you need them. White wheels are available as well, but it's winter, and snow doesn't stay white to match your wheels, remember? Some owners like to run with steel (rather than alloy) wheels in the winter since they can be cheaper and since winter road salt slowly eats away all wheels. Generic 15 inch "steelies" might be cheaper, and MINI does offer official steel wheels (from the MINI One), but the 15 inch alloys via eBay are tough to beat, especially the cheaper and ever-dirty whites.

The 15 inch wheels (and tires) are the most effective in snow. They have "tall" sidewalls which better protect the wheels themselves in deep snow and slush. The MINI's original (OEM) tire size for these wheels is 175/65R15. These tires and wheels help "cut" through deep snow with their relatively narrow tread width. Other tire sizes, such as 185/65R15 and 195/60R15, may be perfectly acceptable. For more information on winter tire choices, please see the FAQ: What winter tires are available? Also check the Winter Wheel and Tire Gallery.

Check various dealers for the best prices. Here are some popular North American dealers:

Tirerack.com
1010tires.com
NTB

Note that none of the 15 inch tires mentioned are runflats so a spare is advised. Cooper S owners may wish to consider pricier runflats (195/55R16) and a set of 16 inch wheels. Studded tires are apparently not available in the MINI's exact factory tire sizes and such tires are illegal in some places. MINI dealers can order the official front snow chains if you need them for extreme winter driving conditions, but be careful to fit them correctly per your owner's manual.

Try not to run with winter tires past the winter weather season. You'll lose tread faster with each mile, so it's a good idea to get your summer tires on when there's a low probability of snow or ice. Also remember that winter tires are not an excuse to drive recklessly. Your driving technique will need to adjust in winter weather, and be especially cautious at the start of the winter driving season, when individuals cursed with vehicles other than MINIs forget how to drive to the conditions.

Some more tips: (1) If someone gets too near, or if the visibility deteriorates, turn your flashing hazard lights on. (Pull over to the nearest hotel or rest stop, well off the road, if conditions are bad.) (2) Try setting off in second gear if you're concerned about getting stuck in snow. (Check the owner's manual for advice about traction control if you have it.) (3) An extensive engine warmup is not normally needed in the winter -- follow your owner's manual for advice -- but be sure to get all the ice and snow off every window and every light before setting off. (4) Before opening the door to your MINI, wipe any loose snow off the top edge of the door to prevent it from falling on your chair. (5) As you step into your MINI, try first gently hitting your shoe on the outside edge of the lower door sill, step in with that first shoe, then do the same with your other foot. You'll keep the snow outside and your MINI neater. (6) If it's going to be below freezing temperature, some owners leave the hand brake disengaged (just it case it could get frozen in place). If you decide to adopt this practice, use wheel chocks or the equivalent (e.g. turn into a curb) if possible. (7) Consider carrying a folding shovel and small container of fine gravel (to toss under the drive wheels). These items might help you get out of a snowy situation. A warm blanket is a good idea, too, in case you don't. (8) Turn on your air conditioner about once a month, even during the winter. That keeps the seals in good shape.

There are a number of other OEM and aftermarket accessories you might find handy for winter driving. Some parts are only available via European MINI dealers (or North American resellers of European parts). If your MINI did not come with heated windscreen washer nozzles, for example, you may want to order the kit. (That seems to be the single most useful bit from the Cold Weather Package.) Headlight washers are also available (if you want) for halogen headlight MINIs. Rubber floor mats for the passenger compartment and/or boot can keep your MINI tidy. Front and rear mudflaps help keep your MINI's side and back windows clear, but you can't install them with the Aero Kit, and the rear flaps aren't compatible with the Cooper S. A kit to retrofit heated seats is also available for cold weather comfort, although most owners bring a short thermos of hot coffee to accomplish much the same. Rear fog light and extra brake light modifications make sense any time of the year. Here are some of the part numbers for these items:

61 66 0 029 716 (Heated Washer Nozzles)
61 61 0 029 748 (Headlight Washers)
82 16 0 136 806 (Front Mudflaps)
82 16 0 136 805 (Rear Mudflaps)
61 11 0 145 996 (Heated Seats)

Don't forget to pack your wireless phone and cold weather survival gear before you set off, and make sure your MINI is in tip-top operating condition with plenty of antifreeze washer fluid, including an extra plastic bottle. You do have a plastic ice scraper and snow brush, right? Be sure to read all the winter driving advice in your MINI owner's manual.

The front side of your MINI might be vulnerable to grit and stones thrown up by snow plows and trucks in the winter. You might consider a better skidplate to protect the underside of the engine compartment, such as the stainless steel version from Moss MINI. However, the skid plate won't help if the snow is too tall. (You will get stuck, so don't go diving into a snow bank unless you have someone along with whom you want to get stuck.) There are also protection options such as a front "bra" (usually made out of vinyl) or transparent plastic film, such as 3M Scotchcal thermoplastic urethane. These products are often generically called "chip guards" or "stone guards." Chip Guard Custom Designs makes a kit for the MINI if you want to install it yourself. Many MINI dealers offer similar kits with installation, such as the InvisiShield products listed on MINI's web site. MINI dealers also stock small paint bottles for color-matched chip repair, and many MINI owners recommend the similar but more easily administered (and more expensive) kits from Autovisuals. If you belong to a MINI car club this is one item you might be able to share.

MINIs are well protected against rust and corrosion thanks to a lot of modern manufacturing, although it is still advisable to wash your car carefully and frequently during the winter, with a nice coat of wax applied just before the winter driving season. Do not buy rust protection treatments such as Ziebart. At best they're a waste of money.

Window fogging, frosting, and grime are often big problems in the winter. In most countries, MINI dealers will fit replacement wiper blades under warranty at no charge. Many owners report good results with Rain-X window and mirror solution, with Rain-X washer fluid particularly convenient. Rain-X contains a "slick" polymer that helps keep windows clear. Don't forget to periodically treat exterior lights so that your headlamps and tail lamps will be more visible.


Contact FAQ Custodian

How can I find out how much my MINI is worth?

Try checking the following sources to get an idea of how much your MINI is worth:


What JCW Tuning Kits and Factory Models were available?
1st Gen MINI Cooper

Power and Torque Comparison:
+-------------------+----------------+-------------+
|   1st Gen Model   |     Power      |   Torque    |
+-------------------+----+-----+-----+-----+-------+
|    MINI Cooper    | kW | PS  | hp  | Nm  | lb-ft |
+-------------------+----+-----+-----+-----+-------+
| Factory < 2008-08 | 85 | 115 | 114 | 149 |  110  |
| JCW Kit - 126 bhp | 93 | 126 | 124 | 155 |  114  |
| JCW Kit - Sound   | 87 | 118 | 116 |   ? |    ?  |
+-------------------+----+-----+-----+-----+-------+
Chronology:
2003-04 = 126 bhp Tuning Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List

Features:
  • Machined Cylinder Head
  • Improved-flow Air Filter
  • Cat-back Exhaust
  • ECU Remap
  • Injection Tube Cover
  • Rear and Side Badges
Performance:
  • 93 kW (126 bhp | 124 hp) @ 5750 rpm
  • 155 Nm (114 lb-ft) @ 4750 rpm
  • 0 - 62 ~ 8.9 sec
Fitting ~ 5 hours (Builds < 2004-06 | Manual Transmission Only)


Press Release: UK
2005-02 = Sound Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List

Features:
  • Air Intake with Sound Tube
  • Cat-back Exhaust
  • ECU Remap
  • Injection Tube Cover
  • Rear Badge
Performance:
  • 87 kW (118 bhp |116 hp)
Fitting ~ 1 hour (All Builds | Manual or Automatic Transmission)



Questions and Answers:
  • Wasn't there a 132 bhp Tuning Kit for the MINI Cooper?
    Answer

    YES ... as revealed in a November 2001 article in 4car.co.uk:
    Quote:
    The John Cooper Works MINI Cooper produces 132 bhp thanks to a replacement high-compression gas-flowed cylinder head and new free-flow intake and exhaust system. The modification has been developed by John Cooper Works Ltd, long-time suppliers of upgrades for Minis and of course, the company formed by the man responsible for the development of the original Mini Cooper.

    These mods take the MINI Cooperís torque output up to 119 lb ft/162 Nm at 5000 rpm, and mean that it can now accelerate from 0-60 mph in 8.7 seconds. Its fuel consumption is 42.2 mpg and its carbon dioxide output 163 g/km. The John Cooper Works conversion takes the team six hours to complete, and the JCW cars can be distinguished by special badging, trim parts and a new exhaust finisher, as well as a special engine bay plate with unique number. The conversion costs £1,750 plus VAT and fitting.

    BUT... this kit never was authorized for worldwide distribution.

    The kit (pictured below) included a replacement back box (muffler) section which required modifying the stock exhaust system. Instead MINI decided to use the Sports Cat-back Exhaust it was already offering as an option on the MINI Cooper and MINI One. This change in exhaust system was the reason the kit released worldwide had less power and didn't include a distinctive JCW exhaust tip.


  • Was the 126 bhp Tuning Kit for the MINI Cooper actually available in the US?
    Answer

    YES ... according to this Aftersales Business Development & Marketing MINI Dealer Bulletin from April 2004:
    Quote:
    Based on requests from MINI dealers, please find enclosed information about the John Cooper Works Tuning Kit for the MINI Cooper. We have a limited number of this kit available in the US.

    The JCW kit is a complete performance package that is designed to take full advantage of the engine's design. The JCW Kit for the MINI Cooper includes a machined cylinder head for better airflow, ďcat-backĒ exhaust system, air filter element and updated ECU programming. These carefully engineered performance modifications will bring the MINI Cooper to the 126hp horsepower level. The torque has been improved to 114 lbft.

    As the kit delivers only a minor increase in horsepower and torque, the main benefit is the increased performance feel and mid range torque of the MINI Cooper.

    A review by a US owner who had this kit fitted can be found here on the MotoringFile.

1st Gen MINI Cooper S

Power and Torque Comparison:
+-------------------+-----------------+-------------+
|   1st Gen Model   |      Power      |   Torque    |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-------+
|   MINI Cooper S   | kW  | PS  | hp  | Nm  | lb-ft |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-------+
| Factory < 2004-07 | 120 | 163 | 161 | 210 |  155  |
| Factory > 2004-06 | 125 | 170 | 168 | 220 |  162  |
| JCW Kit - 200 bhp | 147 | 200 | 197 | 240 |  177  |
| JCW Kit - 210 bhp | 154 | 210 | 207 | 245 |  180  |
| Factory - GP      | 160 | 218 | 215 | 250 |  184  |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-------+ 
Chronology:
2003-04 = 200 bhp Tuning Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List

Features:
  • Machined Cylinder Head
  • Supercharger with Reduction Pulley
  • NGK BKR7EQUP Spark Plugs
  • Cat-back Exhaust
  • ECU Remap
  • Intercooler Cover
  • Front and Rear Badges
Performance:
  • 147 kW (200 bhp | 197 hp) @ 6950
  • 240 Nm (177 lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.7 sec
Fitting ~ 9 hours (Builds < 2004-07)


Press Release: UK | US
2004-10 = 200-210 bhp Upgrade Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List

Features:
  • 380cc Fuel Injectors
  • Air Intake
    Details


    RealOEM Parts List

    As illustrated above the Air Intake is more than an air box with a cone filter. It also has a ECU-connected control unit which, at 4500 rpm, opens a "flap" at back of air box allowing extra air flow from cowl area, and making the supercharger whine more audible in the cabin.
  • ECU Remap
Performance:
  • 154 kW (210 bhp | 207 hp) @ 6950 rpm
  • 245 Nm (180 lb-ft) @ 4500 rpm
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.7 sec
Fitting ~1 hour (Builds < 2004-07)
2004-10 = 210 bhp Tuning Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List

Features:
  • Machined Cylinder Head
  • Supercharger with Reduction Pulley
  • NGK BKR7EQUP Spark Plugs
  • Cat-back Exhaust
  • 380cc Fuel Injectors
  • Air Intake
    Details


    RealOEM Parts List

    As illustrated above the Air Intake is more than an air box with a cone filter. It also has a ECU-connected control unit which, at 4500 rpm, opens a "flap" at back of air box allowing extra air flow from cowl area, and making the supercharger whine more audible in the cabin.
  • ECU Remap
  • Intercooler Cover
  • Front and Rear Badges
Performance:
  • 154 kW (210 bhp | 207 hp) @ 6950 rpm
  • 245 Nm (180 lb-ft) @ 4500 rpm
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.6 sec (Builds > 2004-06)
    0 - 62 ~ 6.7 sec (Builds < 2004-07)
Fitment ~10 hours (All Builds)


Press Release: UK | US
2005-11 = 210 bhp Tuning Kit (Factory Option)
Parts, Features, Performance [See Dealer Fit]
2006-08 = 218 bhp MINI Cooper S JCW GP (Factory Model)
Pictures, VIN, Features, Performance


Press Release: UK | US

VIN Vechicle Code:
  • RE9x
Features:Performance:
  • 160 kW (218 bhp | 215 HP) @ 7100
  • 250 Nm (184 lb-ft) @ 4600
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.5 sec

Questions and Answers:
  • What is the percentage for supercharger reduction pulley in the Tuning Kits?
    Answer

    11.3% ... based on a stock pulley diameter of 65.5mm and a JCW pulley diameter of 58.1mm.

    Former JCW Chief Engineer Tony Franks' confirmation of the JCW pulley diameter dispelled the long time belief that a 14.4% reduction (56.1mm diameter) pulley was used.
  • Aside from pulley size was there any other differences between the Tuning Kit supercharger and the stock supercharger?
    Answer

    DEPENDS ... on the generation of the stock Eaton M45 supercharger.

    All Tuning Kits included a 5th generation supercharger which incorporated an innovative rotor coating that allowed for tighter internal clearances compared to previous applications. These tighter clearances allowed for increased supercharger efficiency and performance, resulting in improved horsepower and torque at lower engine rpm.

    The stock supercharger on MINI Cooper S models built before July 2004 was a 4th generation, which had a different rotor coating. Models built from July 2004 on had the 5th generation supercharger, so pulley size was the only difference.
  • How does one tell whether a Tuning Kit fitted to a MINI Cooper S is the 200 bhp or 210 bhp version?
    Answer

    While a JCW air intake and blue fuel injectors denote a 210 bhp Tuning Kit, it's best to have a dealer verify the pedigree of the car using the VIN.
  • Is the cat-back exhaust in the 210 bhp Tuning Kit different than the one in the 200 bhp Tuning Kit?
    Answer

    YES ... the center pipe just before the split to the back boxes was somewhat flattened:



    This was done so it would clear an undercarriage brace on the MINI Cooper S Convertible.
  • Was the Tuning Kit ever available for a MINI Cooper S with an automatic transmission?
    Answer

    YES ... a dealer fit kit was released for the UK market in December 2005.

    BUT ... the kit never was released for the US market because it never received an emissions certification.

    An excerpt from the Auto Express test drive review:
    Quote:
    Under the bonnet is the manual carís 1.6-litre engine. Although it features an uprated supercharger, performance air filter and modified head, the autoís torque converter drops output by 7 bhp to 203 bhp @ 6450 rpm. And unlike VWís DSG, the MINIís conventional six-speed auto not only drains power, but is slow to change gear, too.

    So while the 0-62mph sprint takes 7.3 seconds, the lethargic box masks the beefy engineís considerable verve. Despite having Adaptive Transmission Control, which adjusts to your driver style over time, response never feels sharp.

  • How much larger is the intercooler on a MINI Cooper S JCW GP than the one on a MINI Cooper S?
    Answer

    The GP intercooler has two more cooling rows:

2nd Gen MINI Cooper S

Power and Torque Comparison:
+-------------------+-----------------+-----------------------+
|   2nd Gen Model   |      Power      |  Torque (Overboost)   |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----------+-----------+
|   MINI Cooper S   | kW  | PS  | hp  |    Nm     |   lb-ft   |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----------+-----------+
| Factory < 2010-03 | 128 | 175 | 172 | 240 (260) | 177 (192) |
| Factory > 2010-02 | 135 | 184 | 181 | 240 (260) | 177 (192) |
| JCW Kit - 192 bhp | 141 | 192 | 189 | 250 (270) | 184 (199) |
| Factory - Works   | 155 | 211 | 208 | 260 (280) | 192 (207) |
+-------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----------+-----------+ 
Chronology:
2007-09 = 192 bhp Tuning Kit (Dealer Fit)
Parts, Features, Performance, Fitting


RealOEM Parts List - ECE | SAE | USA

Features:
  • Air Intake with Cone Filter
  • Exhaust Manifold (ECE only)
  • Cat-back Exhaust
  • ECU Remap
  • Front and Rear Badges
Performance:
  • 141 kW (192 bhp | 189 hp) @ 6000
  • 250 Nm (184 lb-ft) @ 1750-5000 rpm
    270 Nm (199 lb-ft) @ 1750-4500 rpm (Overboost)
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.8 sec (Hatchback)
    0 - 62 ~ 7.1 sec (Clubman)
Fitting ~4 hours ECE | ~2 hours SAE and USA


Press Release: UK | US
2008-07 = 211 bhp MINI John Cooper Works (Factory Model)
Pictures, VIN, Features, Performance


Press Release: UK | US

VIN Vechicle Code:
  • MF9x (Hatchback)
  • MM9x (Clubman)
  • MS9x (Convertible)
Features:
  • Upgraded Engine, Exhaust and Transmission
  • Upgraded Brakes (Front: Brembo 4-piston calipers + 316mm discs | Rear: 280mm discs)
Performance:
  • 155 kW (211 bhp | 208 HP) @ 6000
  • 260 Nm (192 lb-ft) @ 1850-5600 rpm
    280 Nm (207 lb-ft) @ 2000-5300 rpm (Overboost)
  • 0 - 62 ~ 6.5 sec (Hatchback)
    0 - 62 ~ 6.8 sec (Clubmanl)

Questions and Answers:
  • Was the Tuning Kit ever available for a MINI Cooper S with an automatic transmission?
    Answer

    YES ... but at different times:

    2007-09 = UK
    2008-05 = Australia
    2008-07 = US
  • How is the drivetrain of the MINI John Cooper Works different from that of the MINI Cooper S?
    Answer

    The four-cylinder, common rail direct injection unit found in the standard MINI Cooper S has received the same modifications as the MINI CHALLENGE race car.

    The basic structure of the engine (a pressure die-cast aluminium crankcase with grey cast-iron liners and bed plate) has not received any modifications. Nor has the forged crankshaft or conrods.

    The intake valves and valve seat rings have been upgraded with more durable materials to withstand the increased temperature caused by the free-revving engine. The pistons have had their sidewalls reinforced, which means the compression ratio is reduced to 10.0:1. The cylinder head has similarly had its wall thickness increased to reduce any localized stress or hot spots when running at peak output.

    Air supply is improved through fitment of a larger air mass sensor and charge air line, meaning greater throughput of clean air and a reduction in the loss of throttle power. Induction is quickened through a larger air intake, in turn meaning the carís maximum 280 Nm torque figure is 20 Nm over a standard MINI Cooper S.

    At the exhaust end, a strengthened and larger twin-scroll turbocharger and exhaust manifold are central to performance improvements. The material used in machining the turbine has been upgraded for the Works engine, with maximum charge pressure increased from 0.9 to 1.3 bar. A high temperature can therefore be preserved for longer in the combustion chambers and helps the car achieve its peak torque figure.

    The catalytic converter and rear part of the exhaust system are increased in size to aid the unrestricted flow and reduction in back pressure of exhaust gas, which minimizes potential power loss or delay. Turbo lag is therefore virtually non-existent.

    In addition, the transmission has strengthened gearing to handle the extra available power.

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