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below info on the prince engines used mini/Peugeot/Citroen

Prince engine
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Not to be confused with Prince Motor Company.
PSA Prince engine
Manufacturer PSA Group
Production 2006–
Configuration Straight-4
Predecessor Tritec engine
PSA TU engine
PSA ES engine
PSA EW engine
Successor BMW B38
Prince is the codename for a family of automobile straight-4 engines developed by PSA Peugeot Citroën and BMW. It is a compact engine family of 1.4–1.6 L in displacement and includes most modern features including gasoline direct injection, turbocharging, BMW VANOS and variable valve timing.

The BMW variants of the Prince engine are known as the N12, N13, N14, N16 and N18. It replaced the Tritec engine family in the Mini and was first introduced in 2006 for MINI. Later in 2011 also for BMW models F20 116i and 118i. This was the first longitudinal engine mount option for Prince engine.

PSA has started to use the Prince family in 2006 to replace a part of their TU family (the other part being replaced by the EB engine) — the Peugeot 207 being the first car to receive it.

The engine's components are produced by PSA at their Douvrin, France, facility, with MINI and BMW engine assembly at Hams Hall in Warwickshire, UK.[citation needed] The co-operation was announced on 23 July 2002 with the first engines produced in 2006. The Prince engine project is not related to the Prince Motor Company.

In late 2006, an extension of the cooperation between the two groups was announced,[1] promising new four-cylinder engines, without further details.

On 29 September 2010, it was announced by BMW[2][3] that the 1.6Turbo version of the Prince engine would be supplied from 2012 to Saab for use in forthcoming models, primarily the 9-3. However with the closure of SAAB supply never started.

At the Geneva Auto Show 2011, Saab unveiled their latest concept vehicle Saab PhoeniX with BMW Prince Engine 1.6T 200 hp [4]

On 25 June 2014 1.6-litre turbo Prince engine won its eighth consecutive International Engine of the Year Award in the 1.4 to 1.8-litre category. In 2014 the Prince engine beat, among others, the new BMW B38 engine which is replacing the Prince engine in the Mini and BMW lineups.[5][6]

1 Design
2 1.4 litre EP3/EP3C (PSA)
3 1.6 litre EP6/EP6C naturally aspirated (PSA)
4 1.6 litre turbocharged (PSA)
5 BMW N13 / Mini N18
6 Production
7 References
8 Bibliography
The Prince family shares its basic block dimensions with the previous PSA TU engine family. Engineering design was directed by PSA with some support provided by BMW, including their Valvetronic variable valve lift system on the intake side. Other features include on-demand oil and water pumps. Gasoline direct injection with a twin-scroll turbocharger will be used on the higher power versions.[7][8]

All Prince engines will share 84 mm cylinder bore spacing, with 77 mm (3 in) bore. The 1.6 litre engine has a stroke of 85.5 mm. The engine features a two-piece "bedplate" aluminum crankcase for extra stiffness.[8]

1.4 litre EP3/EP3C (PSA)
The 1.4 L PSA EP3 and EP3C[9] is the smallest member of the Prince family with a stroke measuring 75 mm (2.953 in) and total capacity of 1397 cc. Depending on application, power output varies from 90 to 95 PS (66 to 70 kW; 89 to 94 bhp) while torque varies from 136 to 140 N⋅m (100 to 103 lbf⋅ft).


2005-2006 Peugeot 307
2005–2014 Peugeot 207
2007–2010 Mini One
2007–present Peugeot 308
2009–present Citroën C3
2009–2017 Citroën C3 Picasso
2012–present Peugeot 208
1.6 litre EP6/EP6C naturally aspirated (PSA)
The 1.6 L engine is used in the second-generation MINI and various Peugeot 207 models. It has an 85.8 mm (3.4 in) stroke for a total of 1598 cc of displacement.

The naturally aspirated variant (EP6, EP6C[9]) has conventional fuel injection and lost-foam cast cylinder heads. Its 11:1 compression ratio creates an output of 120 PS (118 hp/88 kW) at 6000 rpm with a redline of 6500 rpm. Torque is 118 lb-ft (160 N·m) at 4250 rpm.[10]


2007–2012 Peugeot 207 Sport
2007–2010 MINI Cooper
2011–present Mini One
2012–present Peugeot 208
2013–2015 Peugeot 2008
2007–present Peugeot 308
2010–present Peugeot 3008
2011–present Peugeot 508
2008–present Citroën C4
2009–present Citroën DS3
2009–present Citroën DS4
2009–present Citroën C3
2009–2017 Citroën C3 Picasso
1.6 litre turbocharged (PSA)
The turbocharged 1.6 L unit adds gasoline direct injection and has special low-pressure die-cast heads. It has an 85.8 mm (3.4 in) stroke for a total of 1598 cc of displacement.

At first, there were two versions on offer - the THP150 and THP175, also known as the EP6DT and EP6DTS respectively within Peugeot. The first was later updated as EP6CDT and also a THP163, EP6CDTM.[9] There is also EP6CDT MD - with lowered compression ratio.

For the THP150 maximum torque is 177 lb-ft (240 N·m) at 1400 rpm, remaining flat to 5000 rpm. Power output is 150 PS (148 hp/110 kW) at 5500 rpm.


2006–2014 Peugeot 207 CC/GT
2007–present Peugeot 308
2011–present Peugeot 508
2008–present Citroën C4
2008–present Citroën C4 Picasso
2013–present Citroën C4 Sedan - the car assembled in Russia, Kaluga
2009–present Citroën DS3
2010–present Citroën DS4
2012–present Citroën DS5
2011–present Peugeot 408 Sport
2012–present Peugeot 208
For the THP163 maximum torque is 177 lb-ft (240 N·m) at 1400 rpm, remaining flat to 5000 rpm. Power output is 165 PS (163 hp/110 kW) at 5500 rpm.


2011–present Peugeot 408
For the THP175 (EP6DTS, later EP6CDTS) maximum torque is 178 lb-ft (247 N·m) at 1600 rpm, remaining flat to 5000 rpm. Power output is 175 PS (173 hp/128 kW) at 5500 rpm. An overboost function is available which temporarily increases torque to 192 lb-ft (260 N·m) between 1700 rpm and 4500 rpm in gears 3 to 5.


2006–2010 Peugeot 207 RC
2007–2010 MINI Cooper S
2007-2011 MINI JCW (154 kW version of engine - only used by BMW)
2008–present Peugeot 308
2010–present Citroën DS3 Racing - EP6CDTS - 202 hp
In 2010 Peugeot released 1.6 THP engine (EP6CDTX[9]) with 200 hp at 5500 RPM, maximum torque 275 @ 1700 RPM. It featured direct injection, twin-scroll turbocharger and variable valve lift.


2010–present Peugeot RCZ
2010–present Peugeot 308 GTi
2010–present Citroën DS4
2012–present Peugeot 208 GTi
PSA has now released a new Euro 6 engine based on the THP in the following Engine codes:

EP6FDTX - 205/208/210 hp 1.6l THP Peugeot 208 GTi
EP6FDTR - 250/270 hp 1.6l THP Peugeot 308 GTi
EP6CDTR - 270 hp 1.6l THP Peugeot RCZ
BMW N13 / Mini N18
The turbocharged 1.6 litre variant used by BMW and Mini[11] is called the N13 for BMW applications and the N18 for Mini applications. The N13 replaced the naturally aspirated BMW N43 and was produced from 2011 to 2015. It is BMW's first turbocharged 4-cylinder petrol engine since the 2002 Turbo ceased production in 1974.

The N13/N18 engine uses direct injection, a twin-scroll turbocharger and Valvetronic (variable valve lift). BMW sold the N13 alongside the larger displacement BMW N20 turbocharged straight-4 engine. The N13 was effectively replaced by the turbocharged 3-cylinder BMW B38 engine.

Model Displacement Power Torque Years
N13B16 1,598 cc (98 cu in) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)
@ 4350 rpm 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft)
@ 1350 rpm 2011-2015
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)
@ 4800 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
@ 1500 rpm 2012-2015

75 kW version

2012–2015 F20 114i
100 kW version

2011–2015 F20 116i
2012–2015 F30 316i
125 kW version

2011–2015 F20 118i
2012–2015 F30 320i ED
The production of MINI version of 'Prince' family of engines is set to end by 2016, and be replaced by its very latest 3 and 4 cylinder Engine family - BMW B36, BMW B38 and BMW B48.[13]

In 2015 it was announced, on the Hong Kong Stock exchange, that BMW had signed an IPR deal with XCE. They will make the N18 TVDI engine in China for use in various Brilliance Automotive vehicles (JV Partner of BMW in China) and also for other China OEM's.

PSA will continue to develop the higher power models of the engine family, with future production planned for China with its JV partners DONFENG (CAPSA) and Changan.[14]

Press release (in French)
Reed, John (2010-09-29). "FT article". FT article. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
Swade (2010-09-29). "SaabsUnited coverage of Saab press release". Retrieved 2012-08-30.
"Saab PhoeniX Concept Official Photos and Info - Auto Shows". 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
Eighth consecutive International Engine of the Year Award for PSA Peugeot Citroën Archived 2014-07-10 at the Wayback Machine.
International Engine of the Year Award results in 1.4-Litre to 1.8-Litre
"Petrol Engines in the BMW Group/PSA Peugeot Citroën Cooperation" (PDF). December 2004.
[1] Archived November 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
"2007 Mini Preview - Press Release". Archived from the original on January 26, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2006.
"Archive » The Mighty Prince Engine: It's Future on the Road & in Motorsport". MotoringFile. 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
"BMW-1er-F20-116i-118i-technische-Daten-1". 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
MINI’s Prince Engine is Dead. Enter the B37 & B48.
PSA will keep using the Prince engine family Archived 2014-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
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